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Friday, August 31, 2007

Issue Forum w/Frank Avila: YearlyKos, ePluribus Media and Citizen Journalism

Coming together in Chicago for the YearlyKos Convention earlier this month, ePluribus Media's Tanya Harned, Kay Shepherd and Ilona Meagher were invited to appear on a local cable access program, Issue Forum with Frank Avila.



Twice in September, Chicago Access Network, or CAN-TV's Channel 19 ("seen by the 400,000+ Cable-TV households in the City of Chicago"), will air the interview recorded on August 3. Avila, an Army Reserve Captain, was a super host. Thanks to the whole CAN-TV crew for showing us a good time and having us on to talk about citizen journalism and new media.

Kay scooped me by two weeks, and sets the scene:

One of the extracurricular activities we undertook at YearlyKos 2007 was a trip to Green Street and the Chicago Access Network studios, a production facility for the area's five-channel public access television network. We learned a great deal about their citizen programming as well as their outreach to at-risk youth.

Watch it online now, or see it on channel 19 next month:

Friday, September 21 at 9:30 pm CDT [streaming online]
Sunday, September 23 at 4:30 pm CDT [streaming online]


CBS Evening News Reports on Virtual Reality Therapy for Combat PTSD

CBS News' Katie Couric recently discussed one new treatment, virtual reality therapy, that may help many veterans returning home from Iraq.



Click on 'Article Link' below tags for related posts...


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Comings and Goings, Sightings and Disappearances

My greatly-anticipated Atlanta Journal Constitution Decatur Book Festival stint is this weekend. Tomorrow, I'll be signing books at 3pm in Fellowship Hall at Decatur Presbyterian. Sunday I'll give a brief Moving a Nation to Care presentation at noon on the City Hall Stage. Please come out if you can!



Additional upcoming events to pass along:

• 780 AM WBBM News Radio interview today at 11:30am; airs over the weekend in Chicago. [online stream]
Bulldog and the Rude Awakening Show/WOCM 98.1 FM (Ocean City, MD) spot, Sept 5; 9 am EST [online stream]
In the Valley of Elah screening, Sept 6 at 7pm
Talk Star 840 AM (Titusville, FL) “Your Health Comes First” interview, Sept 8, 10:13-10:43 am EST [online stream]
KMNY 1360 AM (Dallas, TX) 30-minute interview taped on Sept 10 at 10am CST; air date TBA [online stream]
Second Life interview on Sept 27, 6pm PST/9pm EST

Click on 'Article Link' below tags for much, much more...



[Will be adding snippets throughout the day' more coming]

From Healing Combat Trauma (a blog with some great reading resources I'd recommend anyone check out):

It's heartening to see a few more books published on a topic near and dear to our heart: healing combat trauma and/or PTSD (see sidebar for titles; scroll all the way down). War and the Soul: Healing Our Nation's Veterans from Post-traumatic Stress Disorder, by Edward Tick. And (great title!) Moving a Nation to Care: Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and America's Returning Troops, by fellow journalist/blogger, Ilona Meagher. The first book looks like it was published several years ago, so isn't new, but the second book is new. Let's hope this heralds a (re)surgence of interest in this vital topic!

I'm partial to the title myself, too. [wink]


Thursday, August 30, 2007

Jonathan Schulze "I Can't Hear You" Foundation Established in Honor of Minnesota Veteran

From the Associated Press:

Robert Herubin knew his friend Jonathan Schulze [in the bottom front photo of the three to the left; Joshua Omvig is in the middle, Jeffrey Lucey at top], after a tour of combat duty in Iraq, was on a downward spiral. Depressed, drinking heavily and suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder, nobody was able to reach the troubled Marine before he killed himself in January.

Herubin and others close to the Purple Heart recipient wondered what more could have been done. An answer has since emerged in the form of the Jonathan Schulze "I Can't Hear You" Foundation, which aims to pair veterans returning from combat with other veterans who have experienced war. ...

The group is launching its first chapter at a VFW post in suburban Prior Lake, where Herubin first met Schulze after he returned from Iraq and a grueling tour that included door-to-door combat in the city of Fallujah.

Schulze died at his New Prague home, at the age of 25, on Jan. 16, about two years after he came home. His family has said that in the days prior to his death, Schulze was placed on a waiting list after telling workers at the St. Cloud Veterans Administration Medical Center that he was suicidal, a claim the VA denied after an investigation.

Click on 'Article Link' below tags for more...

In the interest of education, article quoted from extensively.

From the foundation's website:

Through charitable donations and various support organizations, we will move forward to establish this mentoring program with veterans service organizations. We will continue to explore partnerships with other organizations to serve our veterans and active and reserve service members. ...

The Jonny's Lounge Mentoring Program [pdf] will be part of the process.

Jonny's Lounge will be a discreet place that combat veterans and active duty service members may go for support, without any duty of disclosure
. Mentors will also provide a comprehensive listing of viable options: private and public sector assistance programs.


Continuing from AP:

[T]he foundation believes mentors would provide veterans with a long-standing personal connection that the VA or most social services can't provide. Moreover, such an approach would encourage communities -- through their VFW or American Legion posts -- to care for their own veterans, Herubin said.

The initial mentors are being recruited through the Prior Lake VFW, with plans to reach out to veterans at their service organizations in other cities across Minnesota. The mentors will be trained to be confidants as well as guides who can navigate the complex social services network and make sure the veterans are following through with the care they need. Sometimes, they'll just be there for dinner or a movie.

The Rev. John Morris, a chaplain who oversees the [Minnesota National] Guard's reintegration program, called the idea behind the Schulze foundation "a neat synergy." "When they first started, the VFWs and Legions were sort of doing this by bringing veterans together, but before we knew much about the psychology part of it, before we knew much about what returning soldiers are dealing with," he said.

In Schulze's case, he was OK for a few months after returning to Minnesota in January 2005 (his 10-month tour in Iraq ended in the fall of 2004). But flashbacks, nightmares and depression began to take their toll, and Schulze began drinking more than he should, said his mother, Eileen Carlson.

He found a measure of solace at the VFW, where he attended some weekly meetings and served on the post's honor guard for funerals. He also met several times with VA health workers for help with PTSD, but he remained troubled, she said, with his family unsure how to break through. "I was his mother, so I wasn't over there when his buddies were killed beside him and he was killing people, so it's hard to understand what he was going through and dealing with," she said. "Just to have someone who has been in something like that to talk to, that's important."

My greatest admiration to military families like the Schulzes who have worked so hard to improve benefits and services for returning troops.

Contact "I Can't Hear You" to offer or receive support.


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Wednesday, August 29, 2007

ABC World News Looks at Combat Stress Care

Those helping our soldiers cope with what they see and do on the front lines are performing some of the most vital -- and challenging -- work with troops being deployed as long as they have been. In 'The Mental Battlefield,' ABC World News with Charles Gibson features the reflections of Jay White, a counselor who served in Iraq on a combat stress control team. h/t to Jim.



Click on 'Article Link' below tags for a deeper look into combat stress...

The following is from the Marine Corps News:

Reproduced in full for educational purposes.

Understanding stress in a combat environment
Submitted by: 13th MEU
Story by: Sgt. Andy Hurt
Story Identification #: 200781444025

NEAR KARMAH, Iraq (Aug. 14, 2007) -- We live in the electronic age. The added comfort of phone and internet capabilities in forward areas can ease strain on personal relationships and business matters “back home.” During the brief contact service members have with their loved ones, generally only the most important words are exchanged: “How’s the baby? Really, her first tooth?” or “I’m safe, I love you.”

Our phone calls “back home” are a great break from the reality of everyday life here. Rest assured, when a Marine hangs up the phone, he goes right back to scratching heat rash. He can smell his dirty body, feel his sore shoulders and hear IEDs in the distant night. While making a phone call can be the best part of the week, hanging up is the worst.

Stress is a big factor in a combat environment.

Navy Lts. Stephen Staub and Alan Bates are the Chief and Assistant Battalion Surgeons, respectively, for Battalion Landing Team 3rd Battalion, 1st Marines. Both agree that explaining stress factors and solutions to cope often brings factors to the table. Untreated stress, for example, can cause frequent headaches. A million things can cause headaches, so how is stress the automatic diagnosis? Explaining the science behind stress, the doctors say, is the key to identifying and coping with it.


A Day in the Life

A day in a combat zone seems to last a lifetime. The environmental factors (relative to your location) alone can bring a man to his wit’s end. Dust, wind, heat, dust, bugs, dust … did we mention dust?

Just being here is way more stressful than a day back in (the U.S.),” said Bates. “You’re away from your support system, your friends and your family … and you don’t have normal stress reducers like fast food, bars and clubs. Here, there’s no avenue of escape.” Everyday things like showers and cold water disappear once a unit goes “outside the wire” for patrolling and sweeps, which Bates’ says increases stress exponentially.

“Now we’re talking about life-threatening situations. You’re out there on a fourteen hour patrol, and every step you take could be on a pressure plate or something … you’re sleeping on dirt and drinking hundred-degree water.”


The Price We Pay

For the “Docs,” the cost cause results of stress are obvious and everywhere. “Look around you,” said Staub, “everyone around here has lost ten to fifteen pounds … that’s the most obvious indicator of stress and you can see there is a negative balance here.” Bates added: “I can see it in some of my corpsmen even. They came here as baby-faced nineteen-year-olds, and now that they’ve been in the sun everyday for sixteen hours on patrols, their skin is all leathery, they look older, some of ‘em got the ‘thousand yard stare’ or whatever. It’s stress.”

Sometimes stress is not so obvious, the two explained. When the initial symptoms of weight loss and visible fatigue have become commonplace, a keen eye and compassionate ear are needed to pinpoint excessive stress. “When you’re under stress,” Staub began, “your body produces more stress-related hormones that cause high blood pressure, raised metabolism and increased blood sugar.

“The other thing we see is when stress gets to a level Marines can’t handle and it causes psychosomatic illnesses,” Staub said. “They subconsciously turn their problems into something they can deal with like headaches, back pain, knee pain or stomach problems.”

“It’s usually some kind of pain,” Bates said. Staub added, “But it’s based on psychological manifestations.” “So,” continued Bates, “we can treat the pain, but if you remove the stressor, the pain will go away.”

The two explained that pain comes from two places: nerves and emotions. When a Marine is physically hurt, Tylenol and Motrin can treat the pain. When there are emotional factors involved, pain, or a manifestation thereof (i.e. stress), can be very difficult to treat. “That’s why morale is so important,” said Staub. “If you’re in a good state of mind, the little things won’t seem as bad.” Quoting NFL quarterback Brett Favre, Staub added, “Pain is an issue of ‘mind over matter.’ If you don’t mind, it doesn’t matter.”

In basic training, Staub said, service members are taught to fight through stressful pain by executing on order countless push-ups, sit-ups and other rigorous physical activities. When the body is forced to perform, the mind learns it can perform. For combat-experienced Marines, the reaction to stress contrasts with that of Marines on their first deployment.

“The young guys may not have the consciousness for what’s going on,” Bates said. “They think ‘this hurts, but my platoon sergeant said keep going so I will.’ The sergeants, gunnery sergeants and first sergeants realize what’s going on inside themselves, and they know that stress does not equal shutting down.”


The Science of Stress

Stress and its symptoms boil down to a chemical release and reaction, synaptic relays and sensory input. There is an explanation for everything, but the truth is nothing short of pure magic, keeping Marines on the move. “When you’re under stress,” began Staub, “your body produces more stress-related hormones like cortisol. They raise your blood pressure and metabolism, and basically get you ready for a meeting with a Saber-Tooth Tiger. It’s very primal.”

Staub continued: “On an evolutionary level, stress was created to get you running down the road, ‘fight or flight’ or ‘duck and cover,’ but it wasn’t meant to sustain you at this level for long periods of time.”

Said Bates: “The adrenaline rush you get is for a period of minutes, or an hour. Out here, we’re patrolling for four days.” The prolonged high-intensity experiences on the battlefield take their toll on normal human stress reactions. After a few days, said Staub, “You don’t respond as effectively to the short bursts. When someone is so stressed for so long, there may be a big blast – and you’re numb to it.”
“It could take something really catastrophic to get a normal stress response,” Bates added.

It is the long durations of chaotic experience, combined with geographic factors (the dust, wind and heat), combined with human factors like isolation, frustration and adrenaline bursts that begin to take a serious toll on health.

“In ‘normal life’ back home, your cycle is regulated,” said Bates. “The release of cortisol usually happens when you sleep and can help your body recover from stress. Here, the extended release of these hormones causes more negative effects, and Marines are more prone to infections, canker sores and depressed immunity.”


Sweet Relief

The spectrum of techniques for managing stress is enormous. Both doctors agree there is no “one size fits all” method, but there are eclectic methods Marines engage in every day – some of which they would normally condemn.

“We always talk about the benefits of exercise back home, but here there is nothing better than coming back from a patrol and sitting in your tent for awhile,” said Bates. “And as a physician I would never encourage someone to smoke or dip (chewing tobacco), but here it’s all we have, and it’s a social thing.”

Some people need to be on their own,” Staub said, “but some people need a group. Some people need a book or movie to escape into and lose touch with reality, and some people need a physical challenge. The internet cafĂ© is a great connection to ‘the real world’ and it acts like a light at the end of the tunnel.

“Guys that have been here two or three times know what their coping mechanisms are,” said Bates. “The key is you have to have more than one,” Staub said, “If your only mechanism gets taken away, you won’t know what to do.”

When stress levels are balanced, however, Staub says the little bit of normal stress is effective in keeping Marines’ killer instinct in tact. “We don’t want the whole camp Zen’d out like a Buddhist temple where everyone is fat and happy, but …”

“ … You don’t want the scales to tip, either,” Bates finished.

Scientifically speaking, the Doctors also agree that, while it may be undesirable, exercise is possibly the best way to cope with stress. “If you look at long-endurance athletes who have sustained adrenaline, their body releases endorphins, like natural opiates,” said Bates. He explained that the “natural opiates” interact with pain receptors in the nervous system, causing the mythical “runners high.” Bates continued: “So your body is releasing all these chemicals that tell you the pain is going away, which makes physical fitness effective stress relief, not only physically, but mentally.”

In a combat environment, all methods of stress relief share one common goal: War fighting effectiveness. “If you’re physically fit, you’re going to be a better warrior,” Bates said. “When you’re out on a sixteen-hour patrol and you’ve already mimicked that stress (with exercise) you can get over that ‘wall.’”

“The wall,” said Staub, “is when someone starts exercising, they’re burning sugar in their muscles called glycogen. When it’s all used up, you feel exhausted like you can’t go anymore, and that’s when the body shifts gears and releases other types of energy – you get your second wind.”

“The Marine who’s physically fit is always better prepared to cope with stress,” Bates said. “Stress is a see-saw. When stress response worsens some aspects of health, exercise can make it better.”


Unanswered questions

Through exercise, reading or smoking, Marines in a combat environment have an effective means of stress management; but the question remains: Is stress turning us into perfect warriors through exercise and focus or is it slowly destroying us?

“In our country,” said Staub, “we work harder and take less vacation than most other countries. We’re the richest and most powerful country in the world, but we have more mental health issues and preventable issues like hypertension and diabetes. Is it worth it? It’s not for us to decide.”

The bottom line is this: Marines are warriors, first and foremost. For nearly 232 years, they have proudly excelled in situations similar to the perilous battlefield in Iraq. It is our hallmark to “adapt and overcome,” and by keeping watchful eyes on our brothers and sisters in arms, we will continue to fight our nation’s enemies in an effectively managed, stressful world.

For more information about the warriors of Battalion Landing Team 3rd Battalion, 1st Marines, or the 13th Marine Expeditionary Unit, visit the Unit Web site at http://ww.usmc.mil/13thmeu.

The philosophical questions pondered at the end are provocative and refreshing. It only seems natural to consider cultural issues when looking at the cause and effect of stress.


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Texas A&M Researchers Set to Study Biological Components of PTSD

From the Bryan-College Station [TX] Eagle:

Over the next year and a half, a team of Texas A&M professors and other researchers are expected to follow troops who recently returned from Iraq and Afghanistan - trying to gain insight into why some people seem to be more susceptible to post-traumatic stress disorder than others.

The team, led by associate professor Keith Young, received $3 million from Congress earlier this year to start the study. And if the current incarnation of the 2008 fiscal year budget is approved by the Senate, the group will receive an additional $3.4 million.

The idea for the project - which will include ongoing interviews with 1,400 troops from Fort Hood set to begin this winter - was sparked by research Young completed in 2004. During that study, researchers were surprised to find that the brain's thalamus was abnormally large in people who had experienced major depression, he said.

They then detected a gene variant that caused the enlargement in some people.

The thalamus is used by the body to interpret threatening visual stimuli, facial expressions and fearful emotions, Young said. So those with the heightened "automatic threat detection system" could be more vulnerable when dealing with stressors that lead to PTSD, the team has theorized.

Click on 'Article Link' below tags for more...

Details on the team's original findings:

In 2004, Drs. Young and Hicks, along with collaborators at The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, published a paper that described substantial changes in the anatomy of the brain in people suffering from major depression.

“It was the first time that findings like this were shown,” Dr. Young said. “In the brains of people that experienced major depression, the thalamus was larger. At the time, most scientists were focusing on neurochemical reasons for depression, not anatomical factors, and almost all of those studying anatomy were looking for brain defects, not enlargements.”

Based on their findings, Drs. Young and Hicks followed up with a study that sought to discover if a genetic alteration was responsible for the change. What they found was remarkable.

The inheritance of a common serotonin transporter (SERT) gene variant was found to be involved in enlargement of the pulvinar nucleus of the thalamus, which is involved in interpreting threatening visual stimuli, facial expressions and fearful emotions. The enlarged pulvinar may enhance the brain’s “automatic threat detection system,” making some people more vulnerable when exposed to stress and trauma.

Back to the Eagle for what's to come:

The study is critical, Young said, "because we really don't understand what brain changes predispose people" to PTSD. "Once we understand, I think we're going to do a much better job at treating and determining which people are at risk for PTSD," he said.

In addition to the in-depth interviews, the study will include brain scans to look for possible post-combat changes in the brain structure and examination of cadaver brains from donors who had PTSD. Young said the group also plans to develop an animal model to test new ways of treatment. Rats can be subjected to extreme stressors using a "forced swim test." Trauma from the procedure tends to cause changes in the rats' neurochemistry that make the animals look like they're depressed, Young said, explaining they can become more easily startled and have an exaggerated response to loud noises.

Troops returning from combat zones often report similar responses.

The group also hopes to conduct a large clinical trial for fluoxetine, a drug commonly known as Prozac that has been widely used for depression. It's also used somewhat for PTSD, but it has never been tested on active-duty troops, Young said. "Particularly, we're looking to see if we can intervene very early after PTSD symptoms appear," he said, explaining that researchers hope early use of the drug could help prevent onset of the disorder.

The study isn't expected to result in people being screened or barred from combat, Young said. "Perhaps what we can do is identify a profile of someone, [and] if they become initially ill we can know how to treat them," he said. "Maybe we can know someone needs to be watched more carefully."


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'Moving a Nation to Care' Featured in Northern Today

Northern Illinois University runs a blush-worthy piece on the journey I've been on since Moving a Nation to Care published last May.

Photos, credited to NIU/ Scott Walstrom, were taken on campus last Wednesday -- in front of the Castle above and the lagoon below -- on the wilting-in-the-heat summer afternoon just before Thursday's storms and Friday's flooding. From Northern Today:

Summer didn’t exactly provide a break for NIU’s Ilona Meagher.

Since the spring semester closed, Meagher published a new book, embarked on a cross-country speaking tour and cemented her reputation as a leading voice for combat veterans returning from Iraq and Afghanistan and suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Meagher has been quoted widely in the media, ranging from The New York Times to Pat Buchanan’s magazine, The American Conservative. In August, she served as a panel member, along with Gen. Wesley Clark, at the annual convention of the popular liberal blog, the Daily Kos. She even received a phone call one morning recently from presidential candidate Dennis Kucinich, who said he was moved by her book.

These would be heady accomplishments for any faculty member. But Meagher isn’t a professor, she’s a student at NIU – a junior studying journalism. “It’s been an incredible journey,” Meagher says from her home office in small-town Caledonia, northeast of Rockford. A 41-year-old former flight attendant, Meagher is not a traditional student nor is she a traditional journalist.

Her work would best be described as “citizen journalism” – the use of blogs and new media by people at the grassroots level to collect, report, analyze and disseminate news and information. ...

In the spring of 2006, her work drew the attention of Ig Publishing in New York, which asked her to write a book on the plight of returning veterans. Meagher devoted herself to the project, reading all she could on PTSD and interviewing veterans, their family members, veterans’ advocates and medical experts.

Moving a Nation to Care” was published in late May 2007.

“The whole point of the book is to bring the average person, just like me, up to speed on the issue of PTSD,” Meagher says. “I also wanted to provide a resource for veterans and military families while pointing out why average citizens should care about the issue and what they can do about it.”

Click on 'Article Link' below tags for more...

Continuing:

The book frames present-day debates over PTSD in the context of history. Meagher found mentions of combat stress in ancient Greek writings and eventually chronicled 80 different names for the disorder, including nostalgia, hysteria, shellshock, buck fever, combat fatigue, battle reaction and disorderly action of the heart. Her studies at NIU helped as she researched and wrote the book – and worked to publicize it.

“So many of my professors went out of their way to help me,” Meagher says. “They gave me opportunities to practice my presentations and broadcast news of my work to others. And they gave me personal assurances that I could accomplish my goals.”

In Communication Professor Jeff Chown’s class, Meagher studied films on Iraq, learned about Middle East history and participated in intense discussion about representations of the war. In an honors class taught by English Professor Steve Franklin, her work would crop up in discussions about the great thinkers throughout history and their views toward war. Franklin, himself a veteran, took an interest in her work outside of the classroom as well.

“Ilona is really engaged in life, in terms of politics, policy and contemporary and moral issues,” Franklin says. “She provides an exemplary example for students and citizens.”

Thanks to everyone at NIU. What a great welcome back!

Please read the rest (and the accompanying sidebar), which includes news of Walter Reed's plans to distribute copies of 'Moving a Nation to Care' to all chaplains and chaplains assistants attending next month's North Atlantic Regional Medical Command (NARMC) conference. Ever aware that my work has been blessed by the great help of many hands and hearts.

Thank you, one and all.


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Tuesday, August 28, 2007

Returning Vets, Families Must Have Access to Critical PTSD Treatment

Caution and advice in a San Antonio Express-News opinion piece submitted by a former Army Medical Corps major and psychiatric physician at Brooke Army Medical Center:

Over the past few years I have talked with nearly 2,000 Vietnam-era and Iraqi veterans about their experiences in combat and the problems they face at home. Surveys confirm what I have seen and diagnosed. One in six veterans returns with combat- related stress problems, and yet less than one-third report their symptoms. Fewer still receive necessary treatment, according to a report in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Many do not report their symptoms because they fear it may impact their employment or chance for promotion. They fear loss of high-level security clearances or the stigma of being thought of as crazy, imbalanced, weak or incompetent. And, sadly, they are probably right.

As a result, many veterans suffer in silence as they experience difficulties at home and work and in day-to-day activities. Many are confused about their conflicting emotions and turn to alcohol and/or drugs. They self-medicate, and self-medication can lead to even greater disaster. Family relationships suffer, friends are lost, and self-esteem plummets, sometimes leading to suicide. Indeed, according to a recently released Department of Defense report, suicide rates are 35 percent higher in veterans of Iraq than in the general population.

Click on 'Article Link' below tags for more...

Continuing:

PTSD symptoms do not diminish over time. Even 40 years later, many Vietnam veterans suffer from worsened symptoms, which have become habitualized and much more difficult to treat.

Most received no diagnosis or treatment until recently. A more timely diagnosis and treatment of returning Iraqi vets should go a long way toward preventing many of the problems faced by Vietnam veterans.

What should we be doing?

We need more research to identify treatment techniques that work and are accepted by veterans, such as Operation BATTLEMIND, developed at Walter Reed, which converts a "combat mind-set" to more appropriate civilian thoughts and behaviors.

Most important, successful treatment involves offering accessible care, with adequate and properly trained staff, to veterans and their families. ...If the experience of Vietnam veterans taught us anything, it is that the brave men and women we send to fight our wars deserve and require our support and encouragement. ...

They and their families — and, ultimately, society — are adversely impacted if veterans miss out on critical PTSD treatment. Don't we owe them that, and more, for the sacrifices they make on behalf of our country?


Is the Army 'Spinning' its Increase in Suicides?

From the Army Times:

Some veterans organizations, soldiers’ relatives and psychiatrists are raising questions about an Army report that says no direction connection has been found between long troop deployments to Iraq and Afghanistan and the army’s highest suicide rate since the first Gulf War.

The Army report, released Aug. 16, said love and marriage problems were the main reasons for the highest rate of suicides since 1991. Nearly a third of the 99 who committed suicide in 2006 were in Iraq or Afghanistan.

“This is yet another example of the administration hiding the true costs of this war,” said Sen. Patty Murray, D-Wash., a member of the Veterans Affairs Committee. “From our troops to their spouses to family advocates — everyone agrees that extended deployments put added strain on families,” Murray said. “To say that the strain of deployment is not a cause of (post-traumatic stress disorder) and suicide is the same kind of head-in-the-sand logic we’ve seen from this administration since the war began.”

Army spokesman John Boyce said that researchers “could not document that long deployments” were directly behind the suicide rate. Col. Elspeth Ritchie, psychiatry consultant to the Army surgeon general, did tell a Pentagon news conference when the report was released that although the military is worried about the stress caused by repeat deployments and tours of duty that have been stretched to 15 months, it has not found a direct relationship between suicides and combat or deployments.

Click on 'Article Link' below tags for more...

Continuing:

The Army’s fourth mental health review of Operation Iraqi Freedom found some gaps in tracking suicide attempts, which were originally designed for use in garrisons, not on the battlefield. For example, while the survey “contains general questions about the deployment, questions regarding the relationship of the suicide or suicide attempt to key deployment events/experiences are missing.”

The report, completed in November and released in May, said there is no mechanism for tracking the accuracy of suicide attempt reports. It also said “the multi-dimensional aspects of suicides and the rarity of suicides” makes it impossible to determine the causes.

Nancy Lessin, co-founder of the five-year-old Military Families Speak Out, said its 3,600 members include many families whose spouses suffered from stress — and a growing number who have committed suicide. “From the very earliest, we started hearing about suicide effects and psychological effects from the war, and it has always been about what servicemen see and do in this war. It is not getting ‘Dear John letters,”‘ Lessin said.

April Somdahl, a member of Lessin’s group, said her brother, Brian Jason Rand, was determined to be unfit for combat after his first deployment to Iraq because he had been traumatized. But he was deployed a second time, and he killed himself in February after returning. She said the Army declined to investigate his death when the family inquired. “The main thing was that he was so traumatized. And it traumatized him to see what he and the other troops were going through,” Somdahl said. “When the human voice is screaming out ‘I’ve PTSD or brain damage,’ they need to listen,” the Trenton, N.C. resident said.


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Monday, August 27, 2007

Chicagoans Discuss 'In the Valley of Elah' and the Plight of Our Returning Troops

"The kind of great movie that rivets you as entertainment at the same time it carefully sets about saying something deeper about the present time...a brave risk." -- Gregory Kirschling, EW.com

Defying intense thunderstorms, micro bursts and even an area tornado or two, Chicagoans trekked out to AMC River East Thursday night to catch a special screening of the new Paul Haggis ("Crash") film starring Tommy Lee Jones and Charlize Theron.

As hinted at in the quote above, 'In the Valley of Elah' drills down to how our wars in Afghanistan and Iraq affect the warriors who deploy, the families who hold down the fort while they're away, and the society undoubtedly intertwined -- no matter how little they may know it or own up to it -- in it all.

Click on 'Article Link' below tags for reflections on the evening...

Warner Independent Pictures arranged time and space for a post-screening Questions & Answer session on PTSD and invited me to participate (see my schedule for remaining Chicago screenings/Q&A's). A good portion of the audience stayed behind to voice their own comments, concerns and questions making for a good discussion following the show. (Seeing as the weather was so bad that evening, that so many seats were taken in the first place was a good sign for the film and the topic we tackled.)

'In the Valley of Elah' (visit the film's website, and/or read its production notes) explores a violent post-combat episode -- indeed, one of the more tragic -- that engulfed a group of soldiers who'd only days earlier returned from Iraq. Stellar acting by the principals and supporting cast and a solid script result in something informative, entertaining and valuable beyond its two-hour run on screen. I've seen the film three times now; twice via an advance studio copy (the more intense chase scene music from this earlier version has been changed in the newer version and toned down) and the third time at the River East screening.

Repeated viewing hasn't dulled its power.

While the film is immediately entertaining, its lasting value can come from what we choose to do with it. 'In the Valley of Elah' is a vehicle in my view, able to drive us to deeper discussions we should be having around the country and in our communities on combat PTSD. The talks will be ongoing in the years to come as we eventually bring more of our troops home; so, any attempt to bring us together to start figuring out how to support them once they're home is a good thing. I enjoyed opportunities like that on my book tour, and applaud the filmmakers for their effort in creating these, too.

Questions the film raises include:

  • How is the war affecting the troops?
  • What does war do to warrior and society?
  • And, after the fighting ends (if it ever ends), who is responsible for ensuring the right -- and enough -- supports and resources are in place for returning troops and their families?
Joining me on last Thursday's panel were Ray Parrish (Viet Nam veteran, tireless advocate and vets' counselor) and Josh Lansdale (Iraq vet, veterans' coordinator and area Iraq Summer organizer). Ray spoke about the veterans he sees, those of his generation and those returning home today. There's a lot of frustration, understandably. One generation watches the next go through the same senseless carnage of war. Where is the peace that they fought and bled for?

At the same time, there are glimmers of light in all the dark.

Seated on studio chairs in front of the audience, Josh and Ray spoke about their respective combat tours, their feelings about wars past and current, and shared news of the work they do today following those awesome experiences. They had a unique energy when they spoke to the audience. War, spanning decades, is what tossed them -- and the rest of us -- together.

While their return was woefully neglected by society and former veteran alike, Viet Nam vets are working hard to make sure that we don't repeat that same mistake this time around. Overlooking, or perhaps healing, their scabbed-over wounds by reaching out to their newest combat brothers and sisters, these older vets have become indispensable in helping today's returning soldier, sailor, airman or Marine process their experience.

In answering an audience question on the special affinity they have for one another, Josh said, "We understand each other. They're the only ones who really understand what we've been through." While civilians can't ever really understand the experience of someone who's seen combat, they do well to seek out the experience through storytelling sessions or art. Americans seem more eager to hear and discuss -- and act on -- these stories now.

One audience member spoke of reading an article on the therapeutic effect animals (like dogs or birds) have on people who have seen and been through life-changing experiences. Another reminded us, quite dramatically, that seeking peace and removal of the troops is not the same as seeking to heal all involved. Still another asked about the changing roles women find themselves in now that they are fighting and dying side-by-side with the men on the battlefield.

The evening closed with a female Viet Nam veteran speaking of the difficulties she faced in folding back into society, sharing her feeling that every time she did something even a little bit peculiar in her life (at work especially), people would treat her as if she was one of those "crazy veterans." It was clear from these comments and those of others that returning troops often feel "other" than the rest of us who've stayed home. Is this a good thing? Should we care if returning troops feel alienated from the nation they put their lives on the line for? Can we, should we, do anything to change this?

From a May 1956 report on vets' benefits by the 84th Congress:

The Government's obligation is to help veterans overcome special, significant handicaps incurred as a consequence of their military service. The objective should be to return the veterans as nearly as possible to the status they would have achieved had they not been in military service...

Particular emphasis should be placed on rehabilitating the service-disabled and maintaining them and their survivors in circumstances as favorable as those of the rest of the people...War sacrifices should be distributed as equally as possible within our society. This is the basic function of the veterans' programs.

With physical injuries, it's clear to see where our obligations lie.

With psychological injuries, however, we are more hesitant when providing care -- and sometimes even outright neglectful. In the opening years of war especially, this lack of clarity coupled with a failure to plan for the post-war period across-the-board led to a lack of necessary supports and resources. We -- military, government, society -- were not adequately responding to something that should have been expected: PTSD episodes of returning troops.

We would do well as a society to use lessons found in vehicles such as 'In the Valley of Elah' or the PTSD Timeline or any number of stories shared in Moving a Nation to Care to help shape the way we prepare our troops for war and help them navigate their way home.

We need to keep doing better by our vets.


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Tuesday, August 21, 2007

Keith Olbermann Discusses Combat PTSD with 2-Tour Afghanistan/Iraq Veteran

A clip from last week's Countdown show well worth a look.

Olbermann's guest was recent panel mate Brandon Friedman, an OEF and OIF vet, gifted blogger and author of the new book, The War I Always Wanted: The Illusion of Glory and the Reality of War -- A Screaming Eagle in Afghanistan and Iraq. A thoughtful reflection on the suicide figures recently released by the Army.


Study: 1-in-5 Combat-Deployed Air Force Women Show Symptoms of PTSD

From the Air Force Times:

About 20 percent of Air Force women who have deployed since the invasion of Iraq in 2003 are experiencing at least one major symptom of post-traumatic stress disorder, according to a survey of 1,114 service women conducted by researchers at the University of Michigan.

The study, by the university’s Institute for Social Research, found that in the Air Force women surveyed, work-family conflict is a significant predictor of PTSD, according to a news release posted on the American Psychological Association’s Web site.

“This finding is important because there are things we can do to help minimize work-family stress and the toll it is taking on women in the military,” Col. Penny Pierce, a reservist who is running the study, said at the association’s annual meeting. The findings are preliminary and have not yet been published in a scientific journal.

Click on 'Article Link' below tags for more...

Continuing:

Nearly half the women surveyed said their home lives rarely or never interfered with their work.

But the researchers found that women who experienced higher levels of family-work conflict were more likely to have symptoms of depression and anxiety, according to the APA Web site. ... About 62 percent of the 1,114 who participated had deployed in a war theater, according to the news release. Seventy-four percent were enlisted, and 26 percent were officers.

The Washington Post adds a few more details:

"Since the Gulf War, the role of women in combat has been a subject of heated debate. This study is the latest attempt to assess the impact of deployment-related stressors, including family separation, on military women, who now comprise 13 percent of our nation's armed forces," said Pierce. ...

Another study presented at the meeting found that almost half -- 42 percent -- of veterans returning from Iraq and Afghanistan said they now felt like a "guest in their own home," and one in five felt their children did not respond warmly to them, or were even afraid of them. In many of these cases, depression or PTSD played a major role, the researchers reported.

Other female service member-related news, from CNN:

A U.S. soldier killed in Baghdad last week marked the fourth death of an American female service member this month, a toll that hasn't been topped since June 2005.

Eighty-two service women have died since the beginning of the Iraq war in March 2003
, according to the Pentagon. In 1994 the U.S. military began allowing women to serve in posts other than front-line infantry, special operations and artillery units. The highest monthly death toll -- four troops and a Defense Department civilian -- came in June 2005.

The Thursday death of Spc. Kamisha J. Block, 20, of Vidor, Texas, from a "nonbattle-related cause" was the fifth time that four female service members have been killed in a month, the Pentagon reported. It also happened in October 2003, November 2003, September 2006 and January 2007.

Block's death came the day after two female soldiers with Multi-National Division-Baghdad -- Sgt. Princess C. Samuels, 22, of Mitchellville, Maryland, and Spc. Zandra T. Walker, 28, of Greenville, South Carolina -- were killed by indirect gunfire during combat operations in Taji.

The first death of a female soldier this month came August 9. Sgt. Alicia A. Birchett, 29, a Multi-National Division-Baghdad soldier from Mashpee, Massachusetts, died in "noncombat-related circumstances," according to the U.S. military.

Sixteen female service members have died in Iraq this year, which puts 2007 on track to top the previous record of 20, set in 2005. Death tolls in other years are 12 in 2003, 19 in 2004 and 15 in 2006. Sixty-eight of those were from the Army. Six were Marines, five were from the Navy and three were from the Air Force.

The number of U.S. military deaths in the war stands at 3,700. Seven civilian Defense Department employees also have been killed.


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Monday, August 20, 2007

Bob Woodruff Updates on February TBI Story

Last week Bob Woodruff filed an update on his stellar February traumatic brain injury, or TBI, reporting. This ABC World News clip is from last Thursday, August 16, 2007:



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Stand Downs and Stops In the Valley of Elah, and the Atlanta Journal Constitution Decatur Book Festival

Lots of interesting things I'll be attending, and I wanted to be sure to share them with you. Hope to see you out and about!

Coming events...

* August 23, 2007 - Chicago, IL: In the Valley of Elah screening followed by combat PTSD Q&A. Location: River East, 322 E. Illinois Ave. Show time: 7:00 p.m. Ilona appears on the combat PTSD discussion panel and will have a limited number of Moving a Nation to Care copies avlb for $15; bring your own copy, and have her sign it for free (a $60 value)!

* September 1, 2007 - Decatur, GA: Atlanta Journal Constitution Decatur Book Festival Moving a Nation to Care signing, 3pm.

* September 2, 2007 - Decatur, GA: Atlanta Journal Constitution Decatur Book Festival Moving a Nation to Care reading and signing, 12:00 pm.

* September 6, 2007 - Chicago, IL: In the Valley of Elah screening followed by combat PTSD Q&A. Location: River East, 322 E. Illinois Ave. Show time: 7:00 p.m. Ilona appears on the combat PTSD discussion panel and will have a limited number of Moving a Nation to Care copies avlb for $15; bring your own copy, and have her sign it for free (a $60 value)!

* September 13, 2007 - Chicago, IL: In the Valley of Elah screening. Location: Kerasotes Webster Place, 1471 W. Webster, Chicago. Show time: 7:30 p.m. [Show will go on; post-screening Q&A has been canceled.]

*October 5, 2007 - Cedar Rapids, IA: 2-Day Stand Down. TBA.

*October 16, 2007 - Amherst, MA: Food for Thought Books, 7pm.

*October 8, 2007 - Algonquin, IL: 2-Day Stand Down. TBA.

Check full appearance schedule and latest news for more.


Sunday, August 19, 2007

Senate Veterans Affairs Committee Hears From Vets on VA Care

From the Associated Press:

At a field hearing of the U.S. Senate Veterans Affairs Committee, two generations of combat soldiers painted a picture of a mental health system unable to handle the stresses of a military entering its sixth year of global counterterrorism conflicts.

The hearing came a day after the Pentagon said 99 Army soldiers committed suicide last year -- the highest rate in 26 years of record-keeping and the largest total in 15 years, despite Army efforts to strengthen mental health care.

Madigan Army Medical Center psychology chief Col. Gregg Gahm, who worked on the suicide report, told Murray that unsuccessful suicide attempts likely outnumbered suicides by about seven to one. "That was astounding to me," said Murray, a senior member of the committee. "That should be the biggest alarm bell to all of us, that we are bringing men and women home from this conflict that are not getting the help and care and support they need."

Click on 'Article Link' below tags for more...

Continuing:

Among the veterans testifying Friday was Brandon Jones, an Army National Guard soldier who was deployed to Iraq beginning in November 2003. When wartime stress spurred a sleep disorder, Jones said he was offered sleeping pills but no help with his underlying problem. Instead, he faced discipline when his disrupted sleep began interfering with military duties.

Other soldiers with stress problems fared worse, he said, from alcohol and drug abuse to suicide. That included a close friend of Jones who took his own life last year. "He was supposed to have been receiving help and intervention in the form of counseling and medication. He was sent home alone," an emotional Jones said. "Obviously, there were not enough resources, training, or information. Otherwise, he might be here today, instead of me telling his story," Jones said.

One more bit:

Max Lewis, director of the VA's Northwest Health Network, told Murray the veterans' testimony was "disturbing." "Despite the improvements we've made, it's quite clear the system is still failing," Lewis said.

The Seattle Times adds:

As thousands of soldiers return to Fort Lewis south of Tacoma from 15-month-long combat tours in Iraq, military and VA facilities in Puget Sound are expected to be at the forefront of dealing with the emotional fallout from these extended deployments. "It is clear that the fighting has taken a tremendous toll," said Sen. Patty Murray, D-Wash., who organized the hearing. "We are facing serious challenges."

Murray has been a key figure in a congressional battle to ramp up mental-health services. Those serviceswere spread thin in the early years of the fighting in Afghanistan and Iraq by staffing cuts and what VA officials — in a 2004 report to Congress — said were insufficient budgets to deal with expanding demand from veterans of previous wars and new veterans.

Murray has helped fashion increases in the VA's health-care budget. An extra $100 million was targeted for mental-health care for this fiscal year. In the 2008 fiscal year, VA health-care spending will be increased by $3.6 billion.

At the hearing, VA officials from the Pacific Northwest said they have expanded mental-health program staffing by 20 percent since 2005, with 63 new positions in Washington state. The VA also is expanding services, opening a regional center in Seattle for treating traumatic brain injuries from bomb blasts. A new veterans center is scheduled to open in Everett.

Additional details on those who attended the hearing:

Those testifying at the hearing said many veterans still balk at seeking mental-health treatment, and much can be done to improve access.

Kathy Nylen, an American Legion representative in Washington state, said that in recent years funding for substance-abuse treatment has declined. She also said some veterans were disturbed by a shift from individual to group counseling.

Maj. Gen. Timothy Lowenberg, head of the Washington National Guard, said new legislation was needed to authorize the Guard — which is on wartime footing — to hire its own mental-health-care workers to treat its soldiers.

He also said medical and mental-health coverage needs to be extended for at least a year after deployments to help Guard veterans, who often struggle in the shift from combat to civilian life without the support network offered active-duty soldiers. ...

Among those [veterans who testified] was Daniel Purcell, of Spokane, who said he was bounced between the VA and the Army health-care system as he sought treatment for a wartime foot injury he suffered while he served in Iraq with the Washington National Guard. Along the way, he battled depression.

"Sadly, I, like so many of my fellow veterans, have lost faith with the business-as-usual attitude of our current system," Purcell testified. "We went to war and were changed. Why can't our bureaucracy change, too?"

Indeed.


Friday, August 17, 2007

Newman's Own and Pentagon Honor Returning Troops, Their Supporters

From the DoD's Daily Digest/America Supports You newsletter:

Several America Supports You homefront groups were honored during last Friday’s eighth annual Newman’s Own Awards Ceremony at the Pentagon, with ASY homefront organization Sentinels of Freedom Scholarship Foundation winning the top $15,000 award. Ten organizations, of ninety-nine groups that submitted entries, won grants ranging from $5,000 to $15,000.

A panel of judges determined the winners based on the organization’s community impact, creativity and innovation. Representatives from the three organizations that sponsored the event and the grants - Newman’s Own, the Fisher House Foundation and the Military Times Media Group - joined Gen. Peter Pace, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff during the ceremony.

Mike Conklin, who represented Sentinels of Freedom, called the award a “tremendous honor,” noting the money will help put more wounded servicemembers through their four-year program that includes housing, furniture, a vehicle and employment at a major corporation.

Other ASY homefront groups that were honored included: the Injured Marine Semper Fi Fund, Hope for the Warriors, Operation Support Our Troops, Soldiers’ Angels, Operation First Response and Operation Homefront. Tom Indoe, President of Newman’s Own, thanked all the organizations for their work. “My experience working with charities is that the (volunteers are the backbone) of these charities…They are the threads that hold the fabric of these charities together. It is these volunteers that bring good value and goodness to this country.”

Read more, then view the related photo essay.


Editorial Chimes in on Psychological Kevlar Act and Virtual Reality Therapy

From The Day (New London, CT) editorial board:

As in all wars, loss of mental health has been a common injury for those who have seen combat in Iraq and Afghanistan. The largest study on that point, conducted by researchers at the University of California and Veterans Affairs Medical Center, both of San Francisco, Calif., found that one-third of returning veterans treated at V.A. facilities between 2001 and 2005 were diagnosed with mental illness or psychological disorders.

Post-traumatic stress disorder and clinical depression were the most common problems, and more than half of those seen suffered from multiple disorders. Returning with a mental illness is three times more likely for younger combatants, under the age of 24, than for those over 40.

Getting these returning soldiers the therapy they need as soon as possible is critical. Multiple studies have shown that those who recognize their mental problem, and seek and receive prompt treatment, have dramatically better outcomes than those who try to suppress their feelings and forestall getting help.

Click on 'Article Link' below tags for more...

In the interest of education, editorial quoted from in full.

Continuing:

In a speech at the Veterans Administration Medical Center in Providence this week, Rhode Island Rep. Patrick J. Kennedy sought support for legislation he has introduced to make troops “battle mind ready.”

Among other things, he calls for military training to include instructing soldiers about mental diseases associated with combat experience to better prepare the combatants to self-diagnose emerging problems and get help.

A more debatable part of the bill is a proposal to subject soldiers to virtual-reality technology intended to expose them to the strain of combat, a form of desensitization meant to reduce the potential for mental health damage when soldiers are subjected to the pressure of actual warfare.

The use of this technique remains under study. Researchers at the Virtual Reality Medical Center in California have been conducting stress inoculation training research under a contract with the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, an arm of the Pentagon. Virtual reality games and techniques were used to expose Marines to war-time experiences. The next step will be to compare rates of PTSD among troops that received the experimental training versus groups that did not.

Virtual reality scenarios are also being tried to treat soldiers already suffering from PTSD.

The intent of the bill — called the Psychological Kevlar Act — is good. The Department of Defense needs to do all it can to protect the mental health of those who serve the nation through military service. But experts, not politicians, are in the best position to decide on appropriate prevention and treatment. The responsibility of the nation, through its Congress, is to assure the money is available to pay for it.

Research and initiative when it comes to combat PTSD is very much welcomed; The Day's editors, however, have a valid concern when it comes to how we should be using virtual reality -- as therapy or as desensitizer?

I don't know the answer to that one, but the question is one that should be considered as we move forward with finding ways to best prepare and care for our troops as they go to war -- and as they work their way back home.


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Thursday, August 16, 2007

Last Year's 99 Army Suicides Highest in Recorded History

From the Associated Press:

Repeated and ever-longer war-zone tours are putting increasing pressure on military families, the Army said Thursday, helping push soldier suicides to a record rate. There were 99 Army suicides last year _ nearly half of them soldiers who hadn't reached their 25th birthdays, about a third of them serving in Iraq or Afghanistan. ...

The 2006 total _ the highest rate in 26 years of record-keeping and the largest raw figure in 15 years _ came despite Army efforts to set up new programs and strengthen old ones for providing mental health care to a force stretched by the longer-than-expected conflict in Iraq and the global counterterrorism war entering its sixth year.

The Army has sent medical teams annually to the battlefront in Iraq to survey troops, health care providers and chaplains. It has revised training programs and bolstered suicide prevention, is trying to hire more psychiatrists and other mental health professionals and is in the midst of an extensive program to teach all soldiers how to recognize mental health problems in themselves and others _ to overcome a culture that attaches a stigma to seeking help.

"I am deeply concerned but not surprised" by the new report, said Sen. Patty Murray, D-Wash., a member of the Veterans Affairs Committee. She cited the stresses of longer and repeated tours of duty and her suspicion that many in the military don't understand how to deal with post-traumatic stress disorder.

"I think there is just an inner denial among some that PTSD is 'you're just not tough enough,'" she said.

The Army has been working to overcome the stigma associated with getting therapy for mental problems after finding that troops were avoiding counseling out of fear it could harm their careers.

Among findings in the new report:

_ Of the 99 suicides, 30 were soldiers serving in Iraq and Afghanistan at the time of their deaths, 27 of them in Iraq.

_ 69 were committed by troops who were not deployed in either war, though there were no figures immediately available on whether they had previously deployed.

_In a half million-person Army, the toll translated to a rate of 17.3 per 100,000, the highest since the Army started counting in 1980.

The rate has fluctuated over the years, with the low being 9.1 per 100,000 in 2001. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said the suicide rate for U.S. society overall was about 11 per 100,000 in 2004, the latest year for which the agency has figures. The Army said that when civilian rates are adjusted to cover the same age and gender mix that exists in the Army, the rate is more like 19 to 20 per 100,000.

_The 99 suicides compare to 87 in 2005 and are the highest total since 102 were reported in 1991, the year of the Persian Gulf War, when there were more soldiers on active duty.

Investigations are still pending on two other deaths and if they are confirmed as suicides, the number for last year would rise to 101.

_About a quarter of those who killed themselves had a history of at least one psychiatric disorder. Of those, about 20 percent had been diagnosed with a mood disorder such as bipolar disorder and-or depression, and about 8 percent had been diagnosed with an anxiety disorder, including post traumatic stress disorder _ a signature injury of the conflict in Iraq.

_Firearms were the most common method of suicide. Those who attempted suicide but did not succeed tended more often to take overdoses and cut themselves.

One can only imagine what the total military figure is, and what the total figure would rise to if it included stateside post-deployment suicides.

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