The Department of Veterans Affairs uses it in their Hepatitis C treatment program. Fort Bliss' Warrior Resilience program -- the same one Army Chief of Staff Gen. George Casey believes should be replicated throughout the military -- uses it as one tool to help soldiers strengthen and recover following combat.
Military OneSource's Health Library says it can increase wellness and "treat diseases of all types."
And it's the reason given by New Zealand's champ cyclist Hayden Roulston for bouncing back from a serious heart condition to claim both Olympic silver and bronze medals this past week in Beijing.
What is it? Reiki [pronounced "Ray-Key"] energy healing.
While I've heard of it in the past (in fact, I have a sister who is a Reiki Master and had used the touch therapy in her past massage therapy practice), it seems to be bubbling up to the mainstream surface more and more these days. That the military and VA are incorporating it, is another positive sign that mountains can be moved even in mammoth bureaucracies -- as long as you believe it can be so (and add a little action into the mix to help it along).
In educational interest, article(s) quoted from extensively.
A couple of weeks ago, I received another nudge to report a bit more on these developments in my email bag:
My name is Gretchen Freeman.
I've been reading your blog for some time and love the information I get there. I have a loved one that just did a 15 month tour in Iraq and it has changed my life.
I have a passion to work with warriors and veterans that have been affected by PTSD, TBI and other ramifications of the war, and their families and loved ones.
My work is alternative alternative healing in the form of Reiki, etc. I've worked with several people in person and do a lot of remote (distance) work with people whom are either referred to me by doctors or find me themselves. I don't do my healing in place of traditional medicine and psychological treatment, but currently with it. And it works wonders.
In light of the military and VA's embrace of Reiki and other energy treatments like Qigong and distance healing, I asked Gretchen if she would educate me a bit on this sometimes hard-to-understand (or even believe) form of complementary therapy making its way into the military ranks.
Just for today, do not anger.
Just for today, do not worry.
Be honest in your work.
Be compassionate to yourself and others.
-- Mikao Usui (1865-1926), founder of Reiki
Reiki is a biofield therapy said to reduce tension and stress while promoting self-awareness and healing. It is considered complementary health care, i.e., valuable as an addition to, not substitute for, traditional health care. Here's what the VA has to say about Reiki on their National Hepatitis C Program page:
Energy healing is based on the concept that the human body is surrounded by various kinds of energy fields--electrical, magnetic, and subtle. In this healing-based tradition, practitioners are consciously aware of their client's imbalances of energy, and claim they can alter it to improve the overall sense of well being for their clients. The concept that unseen energy flows through and around all living things is a belief that comes from many cultures since ancient times.
Conventional medicine concerns itself with health on a very physical and cellular level. Viewing the body as having other dimensions requires a shift in thought. The concept of subtle energy fields continues to have slow acceptance into our traditional, Western medical approach. ...
Reiki is [a] type of energy healing. The Reiki practitioner's hands are either lightly touching the patient's body or are held slightly over it. Energy is thought to flow through areas most in need of healing. In Reiki, the energy is thought to come from the Universe, and the practitioner helps to transfer this positive, healing energy to the recipient. The concept is bizarre to some, but people who receive Reiki often have positive experiences.
Practitioners claim Reiki can aid in healing at a physical, emotional and mental level. Most recipients of Reiki report a peaceful sense of relaxation, and some people have reported reduction in pain, anxiety, fear and anger. There is no scientific evidence to confirm the effectiveness of Reiki.
The federal National Institutes of Health is funding research on energy healing therapies.
Not only is the NIH funding research into Reiki, so is the U.S. Army, doling out $4 million to research more holistic ("whole picture") mind-body-spirit treatment methods including spiritual ministry, transcendental meditation, yoga and bioenergy therapies.
While the VA says there is "no scientific evidence to confirm the effectiveness of Reiki," it's not for lack of trying [a partial list]. But, overall, the reasons for the difficulty in measuring the therapy's efficacy stem from a variety of present-day research hurdles. One is the difficulty of testing Reiki's treatment dosage in double-blind clinical trials and determining the results that might follow within today's current scientific framework.
From “Reiki – Review of a Biofield Therapy History, Theory, Practice, and Research” [pdf] in the March/April 2003 issue of Alternative Therapies:
Biofield therapies, including Reiki, are generally accepted as low-risk interventions. The widespread use of these therapies, coupled with anecdotal evidence of efficacy, indicate a need for further study of this important category of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM).
Because of their foundation in subtle energies that as yet lie beyond technology’s ability to consistently measure, biofield therapies present a special research challenge. ...
"An Integrative Review of Reiki Touch Therapy Research" by Anne Vitale MSN, APRN, BC, appeared in the July/August 2007 issue of Holistic Nursing Practice; it reviews some of the latest clinical Reiki studies and further explains the difficulty in testing its results in a clinical setting:
Reiki is an ancient energetic healing practice believed to have originated thousands of years ago in the Tibetan Sutras, and then lost, to be renewed in the 1800s by Dr Mikao Usui, a Japanese monk.3 In recent years, professional nursing is a leading discipline in the exploration of the benefits of Reiki.
Nurses and others report clinical observations that the use and practice of Reiki has relaxation effects, stress management benefits, lessens pain, and promotes inner healing, however, with little empirical evidence on just how it works.21,25–31 Within the last 10 years, the use of Reiki has increased among nurses and others, such as physicians, and rehabilitation therapists who practice this modality in patient care in hospitals, hospice care settings, emergency departments, psychiatric settings, nursing homes, operating rooms, family practice, and many other settings.21,32 ...
Confusion in what constitutes credible CAM explorations and the lack of empirically based investigations is a common criticism challenging Reiki use within our Western, allopathic model of healthcare. The field of energy research does not readily lend itself to traditional scientific analysis or strictly linear research methods because paradoxical findings are common. ...
Entwined in this debate is the issue of whether the randomized controlled trial design considered the “criterion standard” in medical research is the optimal methodology for capturing the efficacy of energy work. ... [W]hen planning randomized controlled trial investigations to evaluate subtle energy work such as Reiki, it is difficult to know whether sham Reiki used in placebo controlled trials is truly inert or just another confounding research variable.44 According to Shiflett et al 37 and Lee,52 benign touch may have treatment effects beyond placebo, which was discussed in early Reiki research recommendations presented by Wirth and Barrett,48 Dressin and Singg,45 and others.
Vitale touches on the second large research hurdle: Whatever Reiki's benefits may or may not be, how can one know if the results are due solely to the energy work itself? What if the "placebo effect" is what's really operational here? Gregg Braden discusses the potent power of this effect in his book "The Spontaneous Healing of Belief: Shattering the Paradigm of False Limits:"
In May 2004, a group of scientists at Italy's University of Turin Medical School conducted an unprecedented study investigating the power of belief to heal in a medical situation. It began with administering drugs that mimic dopamine and relieve patients' symptoms [the patients were suffering from Parkinson's Disease].
It's important to note here that the drugs have a short life span in the body and their effects last only about 60 minutes. As they wear off, the symptoms return. Twenty-four hours later, the patients underwent a medical procedure where they believed that they would receive a substance to restore their brain chemistry to normal levels. In reality, however, they were given simple saline solution that should have had no effect on their condition.
Following the procedure, electronic scans of the patient' brains showed something that's nothing short of a miracle. Their brain cells had responded to the procedure as if they'd been given the drug that originally eased their symptoms. Commenting on the remarkable nature of the study, the team's leader, Fabrizio Benedetti, stated, "It's the first time we've seen it [the effect] at the single neuron level."
The University of Turin findings supported studies that had been conducted earlier by a team at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver. In that investigation, it was reported that placebos could actually raise the brain levels of dopamine in the patients who receive them. Linking his studies to the earlier ones, Benedetti speculated that "the changes we ourselves observed are also influenced by release of dopamine." [pages 43-44]
Reiki practitioners, however, are clear about one thing: Their clients don't necessarily have to believe that the treatment will work (although having any negativity towards it may "block" its healing properties); therefore, it's not merely the placebo effect here that's doing the healing. Patients simply need to be open to the therapy; the energy will do the rest, they say.
"People can think themselves sick, and they can think themselves well," my Reiki Master sister says. "The mind can get in the way of or assist with our healing."
Another element to ponder: Today's research methods don't allow us to scientifically prove the existence of God, for example, yet many Americans wholeheartedly believe in the presence of such a being or force in their lives. Perhaps our present limited logic- or mind-based methods for testing such things might also fall short in testing Reiki's spiritual energy realm as well.
But the studies continue (see NIH-supported clinical trials, which are currently recruiting patients to test the efficacy of Reiki, including distant Reiki). A few examples from The Reiki Center:
- Autonomic Nervous-System-Changes During Reiki Treatment: A Preliminary Study. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine Volume 10, Number 6. This study revealed a significant reduction in diastolic blood pressure and heart rate in the Reiki group that didn’t appear in the placebo group or the control group, thus tending to indicate that Reiki created an important effect that was not caused by suggestion.
- Both hands-on and distant Reiki treatments resulted in statistically-significant decrease in the symptoms of psychological depression and self-perceived stress, and the treatments had the long-term effect [Shore, A.G., "Long-term effects of energetic healing on symptoms of psychological depression and selfperceived stress", Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine].
- The nature of psychological effects arising during a Reiki session were studied, and anxiety was shown to reduce after treatments [Wardell, D.W., Engebretson, J., "Biological correlates of Reiki touch healing", J. Advanced Nursing].
- Certain physiological changes were associated with receiving Reiki treatments, including decrease in systolic blood pressure, increase in salivary IgA levels and decrease in salivary cortisol after treatments, increase in skin temperature and decrease in electromyographic activity during treatments [Engebretson, J., Wardell, D.W., "Experience of a Reiki session", Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine].
But let's jump back a bit to the beginning and lay a foundation to our exploration into Reiki energy healing itself. What's it all about? First, a look at the human energy field from Dr. Caroline Myss' book, "Anatomy of the Spirit: The Seven Stages of Power Healing:"
Everything that is alive pulsates with energy and all of this energy contains information. While it is not surprising that practitioners of alternative or complementary medicine accept this concept, even some quantum physicists acknowledge the existence of an electromagnetic field generated by the body's biological processes. Scientists accept that the human body generates electricity because living tissue generates energy. ...
Practitioners of energy medicine believe that the human energy field contains and reflects each individual's energy. It surrounds us and carries with us the emotional energy created by our internal and external experiences -- both positive and negative. This emotional force influences the physical tissue within our bodies. In this way your biography -- that is, the experiences that make up your life -- becomes your biology. [pages 33-34]
Recent research backs this connection up.
For example, veterans suffering with PTSD (a psychological/internal condition) are at a higher risk for heart disease (a physical/external condition). [Even stressed military kids with a deployed parent have been found to suffer higher blood pressure and heart rates.] And veterans with PTSD also have more autoimmune diseases such as arthritis and psoriasis, and a strong link between PTSD and asthma and migraines has also been found.
One more powerful example of this internal energy/external outcome link: Those diagnosed with PTSD have a physically detectable, smaller hippocampus -- the region of the brain tasked with storing and retrieving memories -- than people without PTSD.
Another portion from Myss' book:
Positive and negative experiences register a memory in the cell tissue as well as in the energy field. As neurobioligst Dr. Candace Pert has proven, neuropeptides -- the chemicals triggered by emotions -- are thoughts converted into matter. Our emotions reside physically in our bodies and interact with our cells and tissues. ...
As Dr. Pert said on Bill Moyers' "Healing and the Mind, ..."Your mind is in every cell of your body." Moyers: "...You're saying that my emotions are stored in my body?" Pert: "Absolutely. You didn't realize that? ...There are phenomena that we can't explain without going into energy." ...
[E]ach area of the body transmits energy on a specific, detailed frequency, and when we are healthy, all are "in tune." ...This way of interpreting the body's energy is sometimes called "vibrational medicine." It resembles the most ancient medical practices and beliefs, from Chinese medicine to indigenous shamanic practices to virtually every folk or alternative therapy. [pages 35-36]
Let's look at another recent study having to do with the neuropeptides Dr. Pert mentioned above.
Just last year, researchers studying soldiers going through Ft. Bragg's survival training program were able to "identify a specific brain chemical that appears to influence how well you’ll perform under stress and how emotionally resilient you’ll be after a critical incident. The more you have of this powerful ingredient...the better off you’ll likely be when your life is on the line."
What's the ingredient? Neuropeptide Y (NPY).
We can see, then, that stress and the internal thinking that drives it can do a lot of good -- or it can do a lot of damage not only to our mind, but our body as well. Those coping with PTSD and TBI have an understandable amount of negative energy coursing through their systems due to their past and present trials and experiences. Enter Reiki as one element to combat that gradual erosion of internal energy and external health.
Gretchen Freeman is a Massachusetts Master Reiki healer who has turned her focus to helping returning veterans and their families. She believes that trauma is the main source of physical and mental disease and distress in the world today. It, especially the kind sustained in combat or even by just being in the war zone, "cuts through to the very core," she said.
"In my belief it wounds the soul."
Our bodies have many levels, four of which are the physical, mental, emotional and spiritual levels. Injuries sustained to the mental, emotional and spiritual levels can result in symptoms in all the other levels of the body, Gretchen said.
"For instance, a spiritual wound can result in mental, emotional and physical symptoms," she said. "On the other side of the coin, a physical injury can result in mental, emotional and spiritual ramifications."
"Reiki healing encompasses it all – mind, body and spirit," she said.
According to her, Reiki provides deep relaxation, heals and releases mental and emotional stress, relieves aches and pains, quickens the healing process, works on the causal level of disease, reduces discomfort from surgery, helps reduce depression, and rebalances the system, creating clear mindedness and greater mental and physical balance.
"Reiki is non-invasive and can be used either hands on, hands off or remotely from a distance," she said. When asked what drew her to becoming a Reiki healer, Gretchen said having a treatment herself made her a believer.
"The funny thing is," she said, "at that time, I thought Reiki was a form of massage!" After having a treatment done, she said it turned out to be nothing like what she expected. In fact, even better than she expected.
"I felt calm and light after the treatment," she said. "The cloud around me at the time just disappeared. I felt more balanced and comfortable with myself. That was just after one treatment."
Gretchen explained during our email interview that trauma is the main cause of energy blockages throughout the body, mind and spirit. While traditional medicine and psychiatric care work effectively, "sometimes an alternative and gentle approach, such as Reiki or other energy modality, is needed, too," she said.
But combat veterans aren't the only ones feeling the stress and strain of years of steady and solid war.
"The deployment of a loved one touches everyone," she said. "Spouses, girlfriends, boyfriends, close friends and children can all develop their own PTSD, just by virtue of having their loved one in the war," she said.
Gretchen, who has a BA in Psychology and is a member of a group called A Journey Home, a healing place for veterans and warriors dealing with PTSD and other ailments, speaks with personal knowledge and experience on this point. A year and a half ago, her boyfriend was deployed to Iraq.
"That brought the war into my reality and straight into my face," she said. It also fueled her desire to do something for other veterans returning home. She read and learned as much as she could about the issues concerning returning veterans, about the war and it’s mental health ramifications. During that research, one incident stirred her desire to help even further.
"I heard the story of the young man who went to the VA for assistance, was put on a waiting list and subsequently committed suicide," she said. "That story horrified me straight down to my toes and deep into my soul."
Attempts to contact VA officials about the use of energy healing didn’t get anywhere, she said. She also wrote to several veterans’ representatives in each town in her area, but received no response.
"Short of taking out an ad in the newspaper, which I wasn’t sure I wanted to do," she said, "I developed my website (www.healingforsoldiers.com) last April and launched it in May."
Presently, Gretchen works "remotely," otherwise known as distance healing, where the recipient on the other end sits or lays in a meditative or restful state. They could also be out shopping, watching television, etc. while she sends Reiki (or Luminclear) energy their way.
"They will still receive the healing," she said.
While this seems to be the stuff of science fiction (how can she send healing energy to someone else "out there" somewhere?), quantum physics research is proving that such miraculous possibilities do exist in our world on a particle level.
So, why not on a human level, too?
Again, from Braden's "The Spontaneous Healing of Belief:"
In recent years, scientists have developed the technology that has made it possible to document the strange and sometimes miraculous behavior of the quantum energy that forms the essence of the universe and our bodies. For example:
These things are important because we're made of the same quantum particles that can behave miraculously when given the right conditions.
- Quantum energy can exist in two very different forms: as visible particles or invisible waves. The energy is still there either way, just making itself known in different forms.
- A quantum particle can be in one place only, two places at once, or even many places simultaneously. The interesting thing, however, is that no matter how far apart these locations appear to be physically, the particle acts as if it's still connected.
- Quantum particles can communicate with themselves at different points in time. They're not limited by the concepts of the past, present, and future. To a quantum particle, then is now and there is here.
This is all cutting-edge stuff, only now being revealed through scientific experiments over the past decade. So, if you haven't heard any of this before, don't worry...you're not alone. It is a bit of a mind-bender, and I certainly don't have it all down pat, either (then again, neither do the scientists).
Thank you, Gretchen, for sharing yourself and your work and knowledge with me and the others who read this blog. I hope that, moving forward, more is learned about the usefulness of Reiki and other alternative therapies in treating pain -- be it emotional, physical, or spiritual -- for veterans and the rest of us, too.
In closing, I thought the following YouTube video might be a good overall introduction to Reiki:
[UPDATE Aug 24, 2008]: ePluribus Media Journal has run a version of this post in their online magazine. Meanwhile, the Daily Kos version has some interesting reader comments.
[UPDATE Aug 25, 2008]: The Hartford Courant runs a related article, "U.S. Looks At New Age, Holistic Therapies For Veterans," by Ann Marie Somma today. It has an interview with a kundalini yoga practitioner -- a form of yoga that I've recently added to my weekly exercise sessions and would highly recommend your trying. (Maya Fiennes' Kundalini Yoga DVD, by one of the most sought-after instructors of this form of yoga, is top notch).
From the Hartford Courant:
Lola Scarborough, owner of Yoga Lola Studio in League City, Texas, applied for a $300,000 research grant to document the benefits of Kundalini yoga on veterans.
Kundalini yoga, Scarborough said, awakens an untapped reserve within each of us — envisioned as a sleeping serpent in the base of the spine, whose power can help veterans deal with anger, flashbacks, depression and anxiety, symptoms often associated with PTSD.
"There is a big problem with people coming back from war. They are able to survive physical wounds through body armor, but they are blowing up their brains," Scarborough said.
In Connecticut, yoga therapy isn't offered at the VA hospital in West Haven or clinic in Newington, but veterans can take classes outside the VA network at their own expense, said Pamela Redmond, a VA spokesperson.
Many yoga studios, understanding that PTSD is chronic, are offering free yoga classes to veterans. Recently, the New York Sports Clubs in Queens organized a free weekly veterans yoga class to complement the services provided by a nearby veteran center.
My recent post on yoga for veterans has more.
- Warrior Mind-Body-Spirit: Free OEF/OIF Returning Veteran Yoga Classes Springing Up Nationwide
- Strengthening Mind-Body-Spirit: Novel PTSD Treatment Method Study Seeks OEF/OIF Veterans
- Army Chief: Fort Bliss' Warrior Resilience Program Should be Replicated
- New Age Treatments for a New Age of Warfare: Army Seeking Alternative, Holistic Therapy Research Proposals
- Deep Breathing Techniques for Stress Release
- Fort Bliss PTSD Recovery Center Aims to Return Troops Quickly to Battle
- Therapies for Healing Trauma
- Helpful Stress Reduction Information
- Online Meditation and Stress Reduction Video